It is common for many people to write academic papers. Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in collaborative writings across major disciplines and geographical barriers , and it is time to establish standards for the role of these coauthors.
The contribution of each author
The role of co-authors in writing articles ranges from analyzing design data to organizing them in a document format. Traditionally, the first author, who seems to have the most role, is the most recognized, and the role of other authors is not clearly defined. In many fields, the last author, who is responsible for the overall support of the research, is recognized as the first author. However, this is a practice and not always the right one.
The order of the author names listed in the actual paper is based on contribution, alphabetical order, age, or as needed. It is a factor that disturbs the actual contribution from the outsider and the evaluation process.
Colleagues, editors, educational institutions, and research support agencies want to know more about how much a particular co-author has contributed. It is easy to see who contributed more if two authors have contributed, but it becomes more difficult if more than three people are involved.
Let’s hear from an expert on this issue.
Appropriate assessment of joint author papers
“CRediT and OpenRIF help mitigate co-author issues.”
MSc in Cognitive Science, 7 years of research experience, USA
Generally, it is the biggest achievement that is at the top of the authors list, but it is not always true. Although the subordinated author has made a significant contribution to the research process, it is difficult to express this in the current system. On the other hand, when listing in the journal in alphabetical order, the role and contribution of each author can not be known at all.
For most readers, the role of each author may not be important, but it is a very important factor in evaluating the achievements of participating authors and can not be overlooked. It is a great help if authors contribute research grants, scholarships, admission applications, etc., more than any other co-authors.
In addition, there are many cases where the name of a person who has not actually contributed is rising. While these ” guest authors ” may increase the credibility of the paper, it is difficult to assess the actual contribution
Recently, tools for solving these problems have emerged: CRediT and OpenRIF . The journal may provide the actual contribution / authorization of each author to the CRediT, and may guess the name of the guest author. OpenRIF also increases transparency by organizing research contribution history information. Through these tools, the researchers will become accredited academics based on actual contributions.
“Now that authorship is important, as the number of co-authors grows, there is competition for names, which ultimately leads to a decline in authorship.”
Doctor of Science in Cancer, 12 years of science / medical writing experience, Australia
There is a possibility of corruption of the thesis in the present academy, where publication of thesis is a career soon. What is meant by the first author, ie at the top of the list of authors, is not clear. It may be the name of the person who contributed the most, or the person who contributed so much might be on the list at all. Authors can clearly state this in the contributing part, but it is still the case that the two authors placed at the top / last position are the top priority.
After conducting collaborative research and delivering results through conferences and conferences, recognition of more contributions by co-authors has a major impact on the selection of grant recipients. For the same purpose, the H factor has been used as a tool to grasp the performance of researchers over the past decade, and evaluates the number of citations as the main factor regardless of their position in the author list. I can evaluate the quality and quantity of the paper. Even if a new researcher who does not have a lot of experience publishes an innovative paper, the H factor score does not rise right away. On the contrary, even if a researcher’s paper with a lot of publication experience does not have special contents, it can not raise the H factor. In any case, if you have a large number of citations versus the number of citations, you can expect to see more citations and an increase in the H factor over time. Either way, as authorship becomes important now, as the number of co-authors grows, there has been competition for names, which leads to a decline in the value of authorship, and the qualitative / quantitative improvement in research is less. We must establish a standard that quickly reflects changes in various evaluations, and we think that the erroneous practices of putting names on them will be reduced.
“” The ghost writer “and” guest author “, the dark side of co-authoring”
Information Technology Masters, 11 years of English-Japanese translation experience, Japan
How much is your article published as a co-author? This is a current scientific issue. Unlike previous researches conducted jointly by researchers of the same major, there are many cases where researchers in other fields are collaborating with each other. In some cases, the co-researcher’s country of residence may be different.
In this situation, the first thing is to clearly identify the role and contribution of each researcher. There are many ways to contribute to research and writing, and the first author listed at the top of the list of authors is often perceived as the investigator or the most contributor. However, in academia, there are many criteria such as contribution, spelling, and age. The more authors involved, the more difficult it becomes to determine the order.
‘Ghost writer’ and ‘guest author’ are the dark side of co-authoring. The ‘ghost writer’ is a person who has contributed a lot to research but is not on the list. There will be many factors such as internal conflicts. On the contrary, the “guest author” refers to the person whose name is listed, even though it is rarely contributed. In particular, a new researcher often wants to be a guest author, because I think that the career of a prominent journal will increase the likelihood of future publication.
The academics are serious about these problems and are looking for solutions. OpenRIF, ORCID , SHARE, etc., offer solutions to this problem, and objectively analyze what they contribute to provide a simple and efficient way for the evaluator to inquire.