Most researchers follow ethical standards, but sometimes they use fraudulent practices to cheat . One of the reasons is that the research results in academic circles and the competition of publications in journals have become more intense.
Data manipulation, fabricating can reduce the credibility of the paper. The bigger problem is the negative impact on society as a whole as well as academia. Although methods such as peer review are used to prevent data manipulation and cheating, cheating is a big issue for all scientific researchers because of the academic atmosphere expressed as ” publication or culling “, and many discussions are underway.
What is cheating in academia ?
Academic misconduct is the act of intentionally manipulating and transforming researchers, and there are many kinds. Data modifications, intended calculation errors, and manipulations during the experiment / process. Especially in the field of health care, cheating can lead to serious public health problems and inaccurate research results in bad academics.
Ethical behavior of scientific research
To understand the nature of academic misconduct, you should understand the general research guidelines that apply in this area, including:
- High consistency in all experiments and studies
- Be very careful when studying human subjects
- Publish research content and results in journals or other media
- Allow other researchers to perform the same test
- Recognition of contribution of other researchers
These guidelines are important for understanding appropriate ethical behavior in scientific research. Scientific journals are responsible for recording and preserving research, which is very important and is well documented in the Code of Ethics (COPE; http://publicationethics.org/ ). There have been quite a few cases in which academic journals have withdrawn their articles for the past 20 years. Image manipulation times have also increased. For this reason, the researcher must disclose the level of correction of the image when submitting the paper.
If you find someone else’s cheating
If you find someone else’s cheating, collect the evidence and submit it to the school or laboratory. In scientific research, cheating is a serious mistake and you should take the appropriate action.
Of course, it is not easy to accuse someone of cheating. It has a serious impact on the reputation, career and future of the party. Paolo Machiarini, a pioneer in the field of regenerative medicine and recognized as the world’s first to create respiratory organs as a patient’s own stem cells, was accused of forgery and cheating. He was dismissed after being investigated for violating the basic principles of the Carolinska Institute and for defamation.
Therefore, before accusing others of misconduct, you must be sure of the problem you have discovered. It is also a way to ask for a paper to be withdrawn before the matter is officially submitted to the committee .
How to prevent cheating
Cheating is mostly intentional. As a new researcher can unintentionally commit mistakes such as mistakes and omissions, we will have to thoroughly review the guidelines and ethical standards. This will raise the level of research data and research results, and raise awareness of published ethics throughout the academic community. In a competitive research environment where the publication of papers becomes more important, fraudulent activities are increasing, and the number of retired papers is also increasing. Be consistent with your research and adhere to ethical standards. If you suspect other researchers’ misconduct, it is a good idea to report it to the appropriate agency and prevent it in advance.