비영어권 저자들을 위한 학술 논문출간 영문교정 서비스

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번역샘플 - 분자 생리학 (Molecular Biology)

품질 및 시기 적절한 투고물을 제공하는 것은 급선무로 특히 조절 의뢰의 경우 더욱 필요하다.

이나고는 주제별 전문가 리뷰어, 번역가, 저자, 교정자로 이루어진 특별한 팀과 함께 더불어 귀하의 언어로 24 시간 전문 프로젝트 관리자를 제공함으로써 정시에 고품질의 투고물을 제공합니다. 저희는 단어 대 단어 번역을 뛰어 넘어 최첨단 기술과 엄격한 프로세스를 통해 귀하의 주제 영역의 뉘앙스까지 살린 고품질 번역을 제공합니다.

아래는 저희의 우수한 번역본의 샘플들입니다.

DNA가 먼저일까? 아니면 단백질이 먼저일까?

리보자임의 발견과 RNA 세계의 가설은 이 질문에 대한 해답을 다른 관점에서 생각할 수 있도록 만들었다. 리보자임이 발견되기 전까지만 해도 효소가 유일하게 알려진 천연 촉매제였기 때문이다.

리보자임(RNA 효소 또는 촉매 RNA로도 알려진)은 생화학 반응을 촉진하는 RNA 분자이다. 1980 년 대, 토마스 체크(Thomas Cech)와 시드니 알트만(Siendy Altman)이 최초로 리보자임을 발견하였고 이후 리보자임의 촉매적인 특성을 연구했다. 토마스 체크는 테트라히메나 테르모필라(Tetrahymena thermophila)의 리보솜 RNA 유전자의RNA에서 별도의 세포 추출물이 없어도 인트론(intron)이 절제되는 것을 발견했다. 또한, 시드니 알트만과 동료는 전구체를 활성 tRNA로 바꾸는 효소인 박테리아 RNase P를 발견했다.그러나 단백질 외에, 이 효소는 단백질 성분이 없어도 전구체 tRNA의 분할을 자극할 수 있는 RNA를 포함하고 있다는 것이 밝혀졌다. 그리고 토마스 체크는 RNA의 인트론 염기 서열 부분이 인산다이에스터 결합(phosphodiester bonds)을 끊고 재결합할 수 있다는 결론을 내렸다. 1989년, 그들은 이러한 공로를 인정받아 공동으로 노벨 화학상을 수상했다. 천연 리보자임 촉매는 그들 자신의 인산다이에스터 결합의 가수 분해와 아미노 전이효소 활동, 그리고 다른 RNA의 가수분해를 촉진한다. 효소만큼 특이적이고 RNA에 속하기 때문에 리보자임이라고 불린다. 하지만 리보자임은 아래와 같은 점에서는 효소와 다르다.

1) 효소와 달리, 리보자임은 특정한 pH나 온도가 필요하지 않는다.
2) 리보자임은 뉴클레오티드로 구성된다.
3) 리보자임은 활성 부위나 촉매 부위 등 명확하게 정의된 영역이 없다.
4) 극소량의 물질과 작용하지만, 이는 아주 제한적이다.

현재까지 많은 리보자임이 발견되었다. 자연 상태에 존재하는 리보자임의 발견도 증가하고 있고, 이에 따라 몇몇 리보자임은 인공적으로 합성되었다. 그들의 특성때문에, 리보자임은 치료제나 바이오센서로서, 유전체 기능 및 유전자 발견에 적용하기 위해 연구되었다.

What came first the DNA or protein? Discovery of ribozymes and the hypothesis of RNA world has given this question another dimension. Enzyme was the only known natural catalysts to the discovery of ribozymes.

Ribozymes (also known as RNA enzyme or catalytic RNA) are RNA particles that catalyze biochemic reaction. Thomas Cech and Altman were the first to discover ribozymes during 1980s and went on later to investigate the catalytic properties. Thomas Cech found that splicing of introns in a ribosomal RNA in ribosomal RNA gene in Tetrahymena thermohila were found to occur in the absence of additional cell extract. Sidney Altman and his colleagues, separated the bacterial RNase P, an enzyme responsible for changing a precursor to active tRNA. However it was found that in addition to the protein, the enzyme also contained RNA that could stimulate the cleavage of precursor tRNA into tRNA in the absence of protein component. Also, Thomas Cech gave the conclusion that the intron sequence of the RNA can break and reform phosdiester bonds. They won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the same thing in 1989. Natural ribosomes catalyze the hydrolysis of their own phosphodiester bonds. They also catalyze the aminotransferase activity. They also catalyze the hydrolysis of the other RNA. Ribozymes are so called because they act as enzymes in terms of their specificity and belong to RNA. However, they are different from enzymes because of the following reasons:

1) Unlike enzymes, ribozymes do not require specific pH and temperature
2) Ribozymes consists of nucleotides.
3) They do not have well defined regions, such as active site and catalyzed site.
4) They can act on a very small amounts of substances but perform a more limited set of instructions

A number of ribozymes have been discovered till date. The discovery of naturally occurring ribozymes is increasing, along with which several artificial ribozymes have also been synthesized. Due to their abilities, ribozymes have been investigated for applications as therapeutic agents, biosensors, and in genomics functions and discovery of genes.

What came first the DNAor protein? DiscoveryThe discovery ofribozymes and the hypothesis of RNA world has given this question another dimension. EnzymeBefore thediscovery of the ribozymes, enzymes was the only known naturalcatalyststo the discovery of ribozymes. . 1

Ribozymes (also known as RNA enzymeenzymesor catalytic RNA) are RNA particles that catalyze biochemic reaction.2biochemicalreactions. Thomas Cech and Sidney 3Altman were the first to discoverribozymes during the 1980s and later went on later toinvestigate thetheir catalyticproperties. Thomas Cech found that splicing of introns in a ribosomal RNA in the ribosomal RNA gene in Tetrahymena thermohila were found to occurthermophila occurred4in the absence of additional cell extractextracts. SidneyAltman and his colleagues, separated discovered 5thebacterial RNase P, an enzyme responsible for changing aconvertingprecursor tRNAto its active tRNA form6.However,it was found that in addition to the proteinproteins, the enzymealso containedRNA that could stimulate the cleavage of precursor tRNA into tRNA in theabsence of theprotein component. Also, ThomasIn addition, Cech gave the conclusionconcludedthat the intron sequence of the RNA can breakcould cleaveand reform phosdiesterphosphodiesterbonds.7 They won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the same thing in 1989. Natural ribosomes ribozymes 8catalyzethe hydrolysis of their own phosphodiester bonds. They also catalyze the aminotransferase activity. They also Further, they catalyze the hydrolysis of the other RNA. RibozymesThey are so calledtermed as ribozymes becausethey actare as specificas enzymesin terms of their specificity and belong to RNA. However, they aredifferent from enzymes because of the following reasons:

1)Unlikeenzymes, ribozymes do not require a specific pH and temperature.

2)Ribozymesconsistsof nucleotides.

3)They do nothave well-defined regions, such as active site andcatalyzedcatalytic sites.

4)They can acton a verysmall amounts of substances but perform a more limited set of instructionsactions.

A number ofMany ribozymes have been discovered till date. The discovery of naturally occurringribozymes is increasing, along with whichthe synthesisof several artificial ribozymes have also been synthesized. Due to. Because of theirabilities, ribozymes have been investigated forapplications as therapeutic agents and biosensors as well as and ingenomicsfunctions and discovery ofgenes.

  1. [명확성] 문장이 어색하며, 의도한 의미를 전달하지 못했습니다. 따라서 일관성 향상을 위해 다른 표현으로 수정했습니다.
  2. [철자] 전문용어의 철자가 올바르게 되었습니다.
  3. [누락] 저자의 이름(first name)이 누락되었습니다.
  4. [잘못된 철자] [전문분야] 오타를 수정했습니다. 용어가 미생물의 학명이어서 이탤릭체로 표기했습니다.
  5. [단어 선택] [명확성] 잘못된 단어 선택으로 인해 의미가 변경되었습니다. 이 경우에 단어 “separated”는 전문적 측면에서 정확하지 않습니다. 따라서 “discovered”를 사용했습니다.
  6. [전문분야] 번역의 의도된 의미를 잘 전달할 수 있도록 문장 구조를 전문적 관점에서 적절하게 재구성했습니다.
  7. [전문용어 선택] 전문분야에 따른 단어 선택이 정확하지 않습니다. “Break”는 “cleave”로 사용할 수 있습니다. 또한 철자 오류 “Phosphodiester”를 수정했습니다.
  8. [오역] 학술 텍스트에서는 정보를 정확하게 제시해야 합니다. 이 경우에 용어 “ribosomes”은 세포 소기관을 의미하고 “ribozymes”는 촉매성 RNA를 의미합니다. 정확성을 기하기 위해 이 오타를 수정했습니다.

What came first: the 1DNA or protein? DiscoveryThe discoveryof ribozymes and the RNA world hypothesisof RNA world hashave provided a new perspective togiven this question another dimension.EnzymeBefore thediscovery of the ribozymes, enzymes waswere the only known natural catalysts to thediscovery of ribozymes. 2.

Ribozymes (also known as RNA enzymeenzymesor catalytic RNA) are RNA particles that catalyze biochemic reaction.biochemical reactions.3 Thomas Cech and Sidney 4Altman, who were the first to discoveredribozymes duringin the 1980s,and later went on later to investigatesubsequently studied thetheircatalytic properties. Thomas 5Cech found that when additional cell extract was absent, the splicing of introns in a ribosomal RNA in the ribosomal RNA genes in Tetrahymena thermohila were found to occur Tetrahymena thermophila 6underwent splicing occurredin the absence of additional cell extractextracts.Sidney Altman and hiscolleagues, separated discovered 7thebacterial RNase P, an enzyme responsible for changing aconvertingprecursor tRNAto its active tRNA form8.However,it was found that in addition to the proteinproteins,the enzyme alsocontained RNA that could stimulate the cleavage of precursor tRNAinto tRNA in the absence of the protein component. Also, ThomasIn addition, Cech gave the conclusionconcludedthat the intron sequence of the RNA can breakcould cleave andreform phosdiesterphosphodiesterbonds. 9They Cechand Altman10   won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the same thingthis11in 1989. Naturalribosomesribozymes 12catalyze the hydrolysis oftheir own phosphodiester bonds. They also catalyze and other RNA sequences. They also catalyze the aminotransferase activity of the ribosome13. They also Further, they catalyze the hydrolysis of the other RNA. RibozymesThey are so calledtermed as ribozymes becausethey actare as specificas enzymesin terms of their specificity and belong to RNA. However,14Despite possessing enzymatic activity, they are differentribozymes differ from otherenzymes because of the following reasons:

1)Unlikeenzymes, ribozymes do not require a specific pH and temperature to function.

2)RibozymesconsistsThey consistof nucleotides.

3)They do nothave well-defined regions, such as active site and catalyzed sitecatalytic sites.

4)They can acton a veryextremly small amounts of substances but performa more limited set of instructions.

A number ofTo date, mMany natural ribozymes have been discovered and severalartificial ribozymes have been synthesized 15till date. The discovery of naturally occurring ribozymes isincreasing,along with whichthe synthesisof several artificial ribozymes have also been synthesized. Due to. Because of theirabilities, ribozymes have been investigated forapplications as therapeutic agents andbiosensors as well as in genomicsgenomicaddition to their functionsin genomics and gene discovery of genes.

  1. [콜론] [구두점] 이 구두점은 콜론 앞에 있는 텍스트를 강조하는 데 사용됩니다. 둘 다 독립적인 구문입니다.
  2. [명확성] 문장이 어색하며, 의도한 의미를 전달하지 못했습니다. 따라서 일관성 향상을 위해 다른 표현으로 수정했습니다.
  3. [철자] 전문용어의 철자가 올바르게 되었습니다.
  4. [누락] 저자의 이름(first name)이 누락되었습니다.
  5. [명확성] 텍스트에서 모호한 대명사의 사용은 피해야 합니다.
  6. [잘못된 철자] [전문분야] 오타를 수정했습니다. 용어가 미생물의 학명이어서 이탤릭체로 표기했습니다.
  7. [단어 선택] [명확성] 잘못된 단어 선택으로 인해 의미가 변경되었습니다. 이 경우에 단어 “separated”는 전문적 측면에서 정확하지 않습니다. 따라서 “discovered”를 사용했습니다.
  8. [전문분야] 번역의 의도된 의미를 잘 전달할 수 있도록 문장 구조를 전문적 관점에서 적절하게 재구성했습니다.
  9. [전문용어 선택] 전문분야에 따른 단어 선택이 정확하지 않습니다. “Break”는 “cleave”로 사용할 수 있습니다. 또한 철자 오류 “Phosphodiester”를 수정했습니다.
  10. [명확성] 텍스트에서 모호한 대명사의 사용은 피해야 합니다.
  11. [중복/반복] 이 정보는 문맥상 필수적이지 않고 이미 앞쪽 텍스트에서 제시했기 때문에 삭제했습니다.
  12. [오역] 학술 텍스트에서는 정보를 정확하게 제시해야 합니다. 이 경우에 용어 “ribosomes”은 세포 소기관을 의미하고 “ribozymes”는 촉매성 RNA를 의미합니다. 정확성을 기하기 위해 이 오타를 수정했습니다.
  13. 이 문장은는 적절하게 기술적 관련성을 사용하여 완성되었습니다.
  14. [언어] 명확성과 가독성을 높이기 위해 문장을 적절하게 수정했습니다.
  15. [SDI/스타일] 저자의 전체 성명은 처음 지칭할 때만 사용합니다. 파일에서 추가로 필요할 때에는 성(surname)을 사용합니다.

What came first DNA or protein? The discovery of ribozymes and the hypothesis of RNA world has given this question another dimension. Before the discovery of the ribozymes, enzymes was the only known natural catalysts.

Ribozymes (also known as RNA enzymes or catalytic RNA) are RNA particles that catalyze biochemical reactions. Thomas Cech and Sidney Altman were the first to discover ribozymes during the 1980s and later went on to investigate their catalytic properties. Thomas Cech found that splicing of introns in ribosomal RNA in the ribosomal RNA gene in Tetrahymena thermophila occurred in the absence of additional cell extracts. Sidney Altman and his colleagues, discovered the bacterial RNase P, an enzyme responsible for converting precursor tRNA to its active form. However, it was found that in addition to proteins, the enzyme contained RNA that could stimulate the cleavage of precursor tRNA into tRNA in the absence of the protein component. In addition, Cech concluded that the intron sequence of RNA could cleave and reform phosphodiester bonds. They won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the same thing in 1989. Natural ribozymes catalyze the hydrolysis of their own phosphodiester bonds. They also catalyze the aminotransferase activity. Further, they catalyze the hydrolysis of other RNA. They are termed as ribozymes because they are as specific as enzymes and belong to RNA. However, they are different from enzymes because of the following reasons:

1) Unlike enzymes, ribozymes do not require a specific pH and temperature.
2) Ribozymes consist of nucleotides.
3) They do not have well-defined regions, such as active and catalytic sites.
4) They can act on very small amounts of substances but perform a more limited set of actions.

Many ribozymes have been discovered till date. The discovery of naturally occurring ribozymes is increasing along with the synthesis of several artificial ribozymes. Because of their abilities, ribozymes have been investigated for applications as therapeutic agents and biosensors as well as in genomic functions and discovery of genes.

번역 견적 문의
고객상담월- 금 09 : 00 ~ 18 : 00
24시간  견적의뢰 가능 (일요일 제외)